Diabetes mellitus is an endocrine disease affecting approximately 7% of the US population. Diabetes is categorized into two classes: Type 1, or insulin dependent diabetes, and Type 2, or adult onset diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone necessary for the metabolism of glucose. Type 1 Diabetes is generally diagnosed in childhood or early adolescence and is considered to be primarily genetic in origin. Symptoms include extreme hunger, fatigue, rapid weight loss and blurry vision. There is no cure for Diabetes, but successful treatment includes insulin injections, blood sugar monitoring, a healthy diet, and regular exercise.